In the midst of the growing dissatisfaction with the slow recovery, Japan's second anniversary of the devastating earthquake and tsunami on Monday that more than 19,000 people dead or missing and more than 300,000 displaced marked left. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that the government "visible" reconstruction and legal and administrative proceedings to blame for the delay in the progress of resettlement for displaced people to accelerate the streamlining wants.
"I pray that the people involved in peaceful life resumed as soon as possible," Emperor Akihito said Tokyo National Theater for a somber memorial.
In the most celebrated cities of Tokyo and the northeast coast, they gathered for a moment of silence, his head bowed in a moment of targets, at 14:46 on March 11, 2011, when a magnitude 9.0 earthquake - the strongest in Japan's history - off the coast.
Japan nuclear plant communities rebuild and the Fukushima Dai-Ichi, then melted down reactor whose cooling systems were disabled by the tsunami clear conflict of radiation. The government has yet to devise a new energy strategy - the country's two nuclear reactors offline for a struggling economy is a central issue.
About half of those displaced evacuees from areas near the nuclear plant. The government and plant operator Tokyo Electric hundreds of them now defunct Power Company, or TEPCO on Monday, demanding compensation for their suffering and sued for damages, was filed.
"In the two years after the disaster, not the government or TEPCO is clearly recognized their responsibility, it is not enough to cover the base damage is" Izutaro Managi, a lawyer for the plaintiffs said.
Hundreds of thousands of survivors living in temporary accommodation during the disaster zone resettle, a process that may last a decade or impatient, officials say.
"I really do want to return to my home," the "Migaku Suzuki, a 69-year-old Rikuzentakata, a house he had just finished building lost in the disaster, said the farm labor. Suzuki also tsunami, which destroyed the city has lost a son.
Further south, Fukushima Prefecture in about 160,000 evacuees were uncertain whether they had nuclear plant, where three reactor meltdowns and radiation spewed into the surrounding soil and water around will try to return home.
The Fukushima lawsuit filed by a group of people in 800 per month for each victim 50,000 Yen (about $ 625) to request a waiver of payment until all radiation accident ugari, this is a process that can take decades. Similar cases elsewhere in the project and another 900 in Tokyo. Managi said that he and fellow lawyers to join the 10,000 hoped for legal claims.
Evacuees were eager to return home, but possible, radiation exposure to the disaster is still uncertain, the worst since Chernobyl in 1986, concerned about the risks.
If the plant is no clear cases of cancer linked to radiation, people, uncertainty about the future and long-term health concern, especially for children, residents of upheaval in the lives of thousands of immense psychological toll.
"I do not think that anything related health depends on more government" Masaaki Watanabe, 42, who fled Minami-Soma near the town, and did not intend to return.
UCO Endo, Kawauchi village head said that many residents do not wait too long to see if they can return. Restrictions on access as workers slowly lifted a hand and a sweeping roof and remove dirt.
"If I wait another two years, I will explode the" Endo, which calls mostly empty houses and overgrown fields, said the city is determined.
A change in government late last year with the hope that the authorities quickly khasedase increase the cleaning and reconstruction.
Office in late December, Abe is often a point of fast action and 19 trillion yen to 25 trillion yen to (262 billion dollars) increase in long-term budget plan's promise to rebuild the disaster zone visited (about 200 billion dollars).
"We are removing the harsh realities of the Great East Japan earthquake affected areas do not. Still happen," Abe memorial meeting in Tokyo said. "The disaster affected many still face uncertainty about their future is."
This is only the struggle to rebuild and deal with the nuclear disaster in Japan struggle with growth and production delays search for new drivers, old and its enormous social debt is increasing as the most urgent issues of export.
The broad issues also constrain the reconstruction. Cities want to rebuild, but they sankocaya, aging population, the settlers find a new job far more cut up to face the harsh reality. Tsunami and nuclear crisis hit the local fish processing and tourism industry, reduced velocity that began decades ago.
After the disaster in Fukushima, Japan still had 50 viable nuclear regular investigation and after special tests to verify their disaster preparedness reactor is shut down. Two of them were launched last summer to help meet the shortage of electricity, but most Japanese oppose the restart of more plants.
The government, however, a decision to phase out nuclear energy by the year 2030 seems likely to remove the backup.